Under certain circumstances a naturalisation process requires the applicant to go through a temporary period of statelessness. In taking Austrian citizenship, this is only the case when naturalisation from a third country citizenship (e.g. Russian citizenship). In that case the renunciation process takes place before the conferring of the new citizenship and the applicant is stateless (in the case of my wife for approx. six weeks). Provisions in Austrian law cover the granting of citizenship to children born while the mother of the children is stateless.